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Title: Increasing body weight enhances prevalence and proximal extent of reflux in GERD patients 'on' and 'off' PPI therapy
Authors: Blondeau, Kathleen
Boecxstaens, Veerle
Van Oudenhove, Lukas
Farre, Ricard
Boeckxstaens, Guy
Tack, Jan # ×
Issue Date: Aug-2011
Publisher: Blackwell Science
Series Title: Neurogastroenterology and Motility vol:23 issue:8 pages:724-e327
Abstract: BACKGROUND:
Increased body weight is associated with higher intragastric pressure. Proximal extent of reflux is a determinant of symptoms in patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). We aimed to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and abdominal circumference on the incidence and proximal extent of reflux.

METHODS:
A total of 95 patients [37 men, age 51(16-82) years] with typical and/or atypical GERD symptoms underwent 24 h impedance-pH monitoring. Forty-nine patients were studied 'off' and 46 'on' proton pump inhibitors (PPI) treatment. Reflux was classified as acid (pH < 4) or weakly acidic (pH 4-7). Proximal extent was defined as the number of reflux events reaching ≥15 cm above the lower esophageal sphincter. Body mass index and abdominal circumference (cm) were assessed.

KEY RESULTS:
In patients 'off' PPI, there was a correlation between BMI and esophageal acid exposure (ρ = 0.53, P < 0.001), volume exposure (ρ = 0.48, P < 0.001), total number of reflux events (ρ = 0.47, P < 0.001) and number of acid reflux events (ρ = 0.49, P < 0.001). In patients 'on' PPI there was a correlation between BMI and esophageal acid exposure (ρ = 0.32, P = 0.03), volume exposure (ρ = 0.46, P < 0.01) and total number of reflux events (ρ = 0.33, P = 0.03). Similar correlations were found between abdominal circumference and reflux. A correlation between BMI and proximal extent of reflux was present in patients 'off' PPI (ρ = 0.32, P = 0.03). In patients 'on' PPI, we found a correlation between abdominal circumference and proximal extent (ρ = 0.31, P = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES:
Body mass index and abdominal circumference may contribute to GER and its proximal extent, in patients 'on and 'off' PPI. Further studies investigating the role of weight reduction in the control of GERD symptoms are warranted.
ISSN: 1350-1925
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Translational Research in GastroIntestinal Disorders
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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