European Journal of Pediatrics vol:170 issue:4 pages:413-418
An adequate early treatment of a long-lasting convulsive seizure is critical in reducing potential morbidity, and in particular, brain damage. In pre-hospital settings the use of benzodiazepines should become standard. Nowadays, rectal diazepam is used frequently, but midazoloam and lorazepam are becoming more popular, both being given either intranasally or orally. The buccal route is to be preferred because of its easy use and high efficacy. A generally accepted policy for early treatment of convulsive seizures is a crucial issue in the elaboration of an overall treatment plan for the child with epilepsy. Such a plan should include instruction and education of the parents and the caregivers surrounding the child.