Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases vol:6911 pages:581-596
Lecture Notes in Computer Science
European Conference on Machine Learning and Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases (ECML PKDD) location:Athens, Greece date:5-9 September 2011
ProbLog is a recently introduced probabilistic extension of the logic programming language Prolog, in which facts can be annotated with the probability that they hold. The advantage of this probabilistic language is that it naturally expresses a generative process over interpretations using a declarative model. Interpretations are relational descriptions or possible worlds. This paper introduces a novel parameter estimation algorithm LFI-ProbLog for learning ProbLog programs from partial interpretations. The algorithm is essentially a Soft-EM algorithm. It constructs a propositional logic formula for each interpretation that is used to estimate the marginals of the probabilistic parameters. The LFI-ProbLog algorithm has been experimentally evaluated on a number of data sets that justifies the approach and shows its effectiveness.