Title: Both Substrate Hydrolysis and Secondary Substrate Binding Determine Xylanase Mobility as Assessed by FRAP
Authors: Cuyvers, Sven ×
Hendrix, Jelle
Dornez, Emmie
Engelborghs, Yves
Delcour, Jan
Courtin, Christophe #
Issue Date: Apr-2011
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Series Title: Journal of Physical Chemistry B vol:115 issue:16 pages:4810-4817
Abstract: Xylanases (EC are enzymes that can hydrolyze the xylan backbone internally. Therefore, they are important for biomass breakdown and they are also often added in various biotechnological applications. In this study, the relationship between their substrate binding affinity and hydrolysis, on the one hand, and their movement over natural substrates, on the other hand, was investigated. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) experiments using different Bacillus subtilis xylanase A (XBS) mutants were conducted on water-unextractable wheat flour arabinoxylan (WU-AX) and insoluble oat spelt xylan (OSX). To assess the importance of substrate hydrolysis, FRAP of a catalytically inactive mutant was compared to that of the wild-type enzyme. For the wild type enzyme substate binding and a complete recovery of fluorescence after photobleaching was observed on both substrates. For the inactive mutuant, however, substrate binding but no fluorescence recovery was observed on WU-AX, while very slow recovery was observed on OSX. Furthermore, the importance of substrate binding to a secondary xylan binding site (SBS) for enzyme mobility was studied by testing two mutants with a Modified SBS (N54W-N141Qand G56A-T183A-W185A) that showed different behavior on the tested substrates. On OSX, the two modified enzymes both showed higher mobility than the wild-type enzyme. On WU-AX, in contrast, the N54W-N141Q., mutant displayed a lower mobility than the wild-type enzyme, while the G56A-T183A-W185A mutant showed higher mobility. The results clearly demonstrate that both substrate hydrolysis and substrate targeting are key factors for XBS mobility.
ISSN: 1520-6106
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre for Food and Microbial Technology
Molecular Imaging and Photonics
Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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