Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery vol:142 issue:6 pages:1453-1457
OBJECTIVE: Prolonged aortic crossclamping can increase mortality and morbidity after aortic valve replacement in elderly and high-risk patients. Sutureless implantation of the prosthesis has the potential to shorten aortic crossclamp time. METHODS: The Perceval S valve (Sorin Biomedica Cardio Srl, Sallugia, Italy), a sutureless implantable aortic bioprosthesis, was used in 32 patients (median age, 78 years; median logistic euroSCORE, 9.99) requiring aortic valve replacement with or without concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting. Hemodynamic parameters and clinical outcome were obtained at discharge, at 6 months, and up to 1 year postoperatively. RESULTS: Aortic crossclamp time needed for aortic valve replacement was 18 ± 6 minutes. Hemodynamics at discharge showed good function of all Perceval S valves with low transvalvular pressure gradients (mean, 12 ± 5 mm Hg and peak, 23 ± 9 mm Hg) and low incidence of paravalvular or valvular leakage. Operative mortality was 0%. Follow-up at 1 year showed 3 non-valve-related deaths. Survivors showed good clinical outcome and stable hemodynamic function of the valve prosthesis, except for 1 patient in whom endocarditis developed. Despite a moderate decrease in platelet counts persisting up to 12 months, freedom of bleeding and thromboembolic events was 100%. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to implant a well-functioning sutureless stent-mounted valve in the aortic position in less than 20 minutes of aortic crossclamping. This is associated with excellent early clinical and hemodynamic outcome in high-risk patients. Moderate changes in hematologic parameters persisted but were not related to clinical events.