Spin, quadrupole moment, and deformation of the magnetic-rotational band head in Pb-193
Balabanski, D. L × Ionescu-Bujor, M Iordachescu, A Bazzacco, D Brandolini, F Bucurescu, D Chmel, S Danchev, M De Poli, M Georgiev, G Haas, H Huebel, H Marginean, N Menegazzo, R Neyens, Gerda Pavan, P Alvarez, C. Rossi Ur, C. A Vyvey, Katrien Frauendorf, S #
Published for the American Physical Society by the American Institute of Physics
The spectroscopic quadrupole moment of the T-1/2 = 9.4(5) ns isomer in Pb-193 at an excitation energy E-ex = (2585 + x) keV is measured by the time-differential perturbed angular distribution method as vertical bar Q(s)vertical bar = 2.6(3) e b. Spin and parity I-pi = 27/2(-) are assigned to it based on angular distribution measurements. This state is the band head of a magnetic-rotational band, described by the coupling of a neutron hole in the 1i(13/2) subshell with the (3s(1/2)(-2)1h(9/2)1i(13/2))(11-) proton excitation. The pairing-plus-quadrupole tilted-axis cranking calculations reproduce the measured quadrupole moment with a moderate oblate deformation epsilon(2) = -0.11, similar to that of the 11(-)proton intruder states, which occur in the even-even Pb nuclei in the region. This is the first direct measurement of a quadrupole moment and thus of the deformation of a magnetic-rotational band head.