Title: Provenance of Early Bronze Age metal artefacts in Western Switzerland using elemental and lead isotopic compositions and their possible relation with copper minerals of the nearby Valais
Authors: Cattin, Florence ×
Guenette-Beck, Barbara
Curdy, Philippe
Meisser, Nicolas
Ansermet, Stefan
Hofmann, Beda
Kundig, Rainer
Hubert, Vera
Worle, Marie
Hametner, Kathrin
Gunther, Detlef
Wichser, Adrian
Ulrich, Andrea
Villa, Igor M.
Besse, Marie #
Issue Date: Jun-2011
Publisher: Academic Press
Series Title: Journal of Archaeological Science vol:38 issue:6 pages:1221-1233
Abstract: Ten Early Bronze Age (BzA1, 2200e2000 BC) copper artefacts from the central Valais region from
Switzerland were studied for their elemental composition and lead isotope ratios. In order to answer the
archaeological question of a local copper supply, a database for copper minerals across the Valais
(Switzerland) has been established. This database contains 69 data on lead isotope ratios as well as
additional information on the minerals and geochemical associations for copper minerals from 38
locations in the Valais. Comparisons of the artefacts were also made with data pertaining to minerals
from various deposits from Europe and Anatolia taken from the literature. The provenance of the
materials is very diverse. Some of the data are compatible with the data from the copper mineral
deposits of the Valais region. Moreover, three copper lunulae were identified as possibly Tuscan, which
suggests contacts between Italy and the Valais region. This pattern also establishes a multiplicity of
provenances for the metal and cultural influences in the Alpine environment of the Rhone Valley of
Switzerland at the beginning of the Early Bronze Age.
ISSN: 0305-4403
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Division of Geology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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