Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume vol:93A pages:10-16
Background Hips with coxa profunda can develop a pincer-type impingement with linear impact between the proximal part of the femur and the acetabulum, leading to bone apposition on the acetabular rim.
Methods Twenty hips with radiographic features of rim ossification were isolated from a pilot cohort of 220 patients for histologic assessment of the acetabular rim and the labrum. In the second part of the study, the prevalence of radiographic signs of bone apposition in a cohort of 148 hips treated for femoroacetabular impingement was assessed.
Results Histologic analysis confirmed that the labrum may become displaced and replaced by the appositional bone formation. The double-line sign and the recess sign are suggestive of an ongoing process of this bone formation, and the described phenotypes of bone apposition indicate the site of the impingement problem. Morphological anomalies of the proximal part of the femur, such as a low neck-shaft angle or a short femoral neck, may further contribute to the mechanism of pincer impingement.
Conclusions In later stages, this bone formation cannot be distinguished from the native bone and the labrum may appear to be nearly absent on imaging studies. While the bone apposition on the rim is first reactive to chronic impingement, the impingement then increases and may lead to further bone apposition.