Title: Human menopausal gonadotrophin increases pregnancy rate in comparison with clomiphene citrate during replacement cycles of frozen/thawed pronucleate ova
Authors: Van Der Auwera, Isabel ×
Meuleman, Christel
Koninckx PR, Philippe #
Issue Date: Aug-1994
Publisher: Published for the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology by IRL Press
Series Title: Human Reproduction vol:9 issue:8 pages:1556-60
Abstract: In a prospective randomized study, the effect of two ovulation induction regimens on implantation rate of frozen/thawed pronucleate ova was investigated. Patients received either human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG) or clomiphene/HMG. Ovulation induction was done on an individual basis using ultrasound and plasma 17 beta-oestradiol concentrations. Ovulation was induced with human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) when the leading follicle reached a diameter of 18 mm. Pronucleate ova had been frozen using the slow-freezing method of Lassalle et al. (1985) (Fertil. Steril., 44, 645-651) and were thawed in synchrony with the age of the endometrium. Both groups of patients were comparable for age, indication for in-vitro fertilization, pre-ovulatory 17 beta-oestradiol concentration, number of large follicles and number and quality of embryos transferred. The only difference found was that HCG was administered 1 day earlier in the HMG group compared to the clomiphene/HMG group (P < 0.01). Using univariate analysis, the pregnancy rate was higher in patients stimulated with HMG alone compared to those stimulated with clomiphene/HMG (27 versus 15% respectively; P < 0.03), when HCG was administered later in the menstrual cycle (P < 0.01) and when more and better quality embryos were transferred (P < 0.01). Using multivariate regression analysis, the influence of the stimulation on pregnancy rate was even more pronounced (P < 0.01) when the day of HCG administration and the number and quality embryos transferred were taken into account. Therefore, we conclude that HMG alone increases pregnancy rate compared to clomiphene/HMG during replacement cycles of frozen/thawed pronucleate ova. These data suggest that HMG results in a better endometrium receptivity for embryos.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0268-1161
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Reproductive Medicine Section (-)
Section Woman - Miscellaneous (-)
Centre for Surgical Technologies
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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