alpha-Chymotrypsin undergoes a reversible conformational change from an inactive chymotrypsinogen-like structure at high pH to an active conformation at neutral pH. In order to gain insight into this process on a structural level, we applied molecular dynamics and targeted molecular dynamics simulations in aqueous environment on the activation and inactivation processes of three different types of chymotrypsin. These are the wild-type bovine chymotrypsin containing the propeptide and the bovine and rat chymotrypsin lacking the propeptide. From these simulations, the importance of the propeptide and of the sequence differences between the rat and bovine variants from the viewpoint of activation could be evaluated and compared with previous fluorescence stopped flow results. The obtained results show the unambiguous influence of the propeptide on the explored conformational space, whereas the sequence differences between bovine and rat chymotrypsin play a minor role. The main features of activation are present in both the wild type and the variant lacking the propeptide, despite the fact that different parts of the conformational space were explored. The comparison of all trajectories shows that particular amino acid residues, such as 17, 18, 19, 187, 217, 218, and 223, undergo large dihedral transitions during the activation process, suggesting a role as hinge residues during the conformational change.