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Title: Loss of skywalker reveals synaptic endosomes as sorting stations for synaptic vesicle proteins
Authors: Uytterhoeven, Valerie *
Kuenen, Sabine *
Kasprowicz, Jaroslaw *
Miskiewicz, Katarzyna *
Verstreken, Patrik # ×
Issue Date: Apr-2011
Publisher: MIT Press
Series Title: Cell vol:145 issue:1 pages:117-32
Abstract: Exchange of proteins at sorting endosomes is not only critical to numerous signaling pathways but also to receptor-mediated signaling and to pathogen entry into cells; however, how this process is regulated in synaptic vesicle cycling remains unexplored. In this work, we present evidence that loss of function of a single neuronally expressed GTPase activating protein (GAP), Skywalker (Sky) facilitates endosomal trafficking of synaptic vesicles at Drosophila neuromuscular junction boutons, chiefly by controlling Rab35 GTPase activity. Analyses of genetic interactions with the ESCRT machinery as well as chimeric ubiquitinated synaptic vesicle proteins indicate that endosomal trafficking facilitates the replacement of dysfunctional synaptic vesicle components. Consequently, sky mutants harbor a larger readily releasable pool of synaptic vesicles and show a dramatic increase in basal neurotransmitter release. Thus, the trafficking of vesicles via endosomes uncovered using sky mutants provides an elegant mechanism by which neurons may regulate synaptic vesicle rejuvenation and neurotransmitter release.
URI: 
ISSN: 0092-8674
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
Laboratory of Neuronal Communication
* (joint) first author
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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