Carbohydrate Research vol:345 issue:2 pages:235-242
Amylopectin fine structures were studied following limited hydrolysis of gelatinised waxy maize starch by amylases with a different level of inner chain attack (LICA). This was done by size exclusion chromatography as well as by debranching the (partially hydrolysed) amylopectin samples and studying the size distributions of the released chains. alpha-Amylases from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and Aspergillus oryzae, with a relatively high LICA, drastically altered amylopectin chain length distribution and reduced the amylopectin molecular size (MS) significantly even at a low to moderate degree of hydrolysis (DH). Porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase (PPA), with a rather low LICA but a high multiple attack action on amylose, reduced the amylopectin MS much slower. Following hydrolysis by PPA to a DH of 10% and enzymic debranching of the amylopectin residue, several subpopulations of chains consisting of 2-12 glucose units were detected, indicating a multiple attack action on the amylopectin side chains. During the early stages of hydrolysis, the maltogenic Bacillus stearothermophilus alpha-amylase (BStA) preferentially hydrolysed the exterior chains of amylopectin. However, during the later phases, BStA also hydrolysed inner chains, presumably with a high multiple attack action. The present results clearly show that different enzymes can be used for (limited) conversion of amylopectin into structures differing in molecular weight and chain length distributions. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.