INTRODUCTION: PAI-1 is the main physiological inhibitor of t-PA and u-PA. Elevated PAI-1 levels have been implicated in the pathogenesis of several thrombotic and non-thrombotic diseases. The effect of PAI-1 inhibition can be studied in mouse models, when appropriate immunological tools are available. The majority of the available monoclonal antibodies against PAI-1 have been raised against human PAI-1. Even though some of these antibodies cross-react with non-glycosylated PAI-1 from different species, these antibodies often do not cross-react sufficiently with glycosylated mouse PAI-1. Moreover, the antibodies that cross-react with glycosylated mouse PAI-1 often have decreased inhibitory properties in the presence of vitronectin. Our objective was the generation of a panel of monoclonal antibodies reacting with vitronectin-bound glycosylated mouse PAI-1. RESULTS: Five monoclonal antibodies revealed binding to glycosylated mouse PAI-1 and exerted a strong (i.e. 58-80% inhibition of PAI-1 activity) inhibitory effect toward mouse PAI-1. Similar inhibitory effects were seen in the presence of a 33-fold molar excess of vitronectin. The PAI-1 inhibitory potential of the antibodies in vivo was demonstrated in a thromboembolism model, in which the evaluated antibodies significantly increased the percentage of mice with normal physical activity in comparison to mice treated with negative control antibody. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge this is the first panel of monoclonal antibodies that can inhibit mouse PAI-1 in the presence of vitronectin and that show a profibrinolytic effect in vivo. Therefore these antibodies provide excellent immunological tools to further investigate the role of PAI-1 in mouse models.