To study the influence of the stereochemistry on the possibility of cocrystallization of linear and cyclic aliphatic residues in copolyamides, a series of copolyamides 12.6/12.1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid with variable compositions were synthesized. From solid-state NMR studies it could be deduced that cis-1,4-CHDA is present in the amorphous regions whereas the trans residues are located in both the crystalline and the amorphous phase. WAXD patterns confirm the presence of trans-1,4-CHDA inside the crystals and reveal that the cycloaliphatic ring is most likely oriented in a direction perpendicular to the crystal sheets that contain the hydrogen bonds. As a result, the intersheet distance is increased compared to that of polyamide 12.6. Furthermore, the rings prevent the genesis of a pseudohexagonal phase above the Brill temperature. Exceptionally, crossing rather than merging of the (100) and the combined (010)-(110) WAXD reflections is observed with increasing temperature, indicating that the intersheet distances increase and become larger than the interchain distances within the hydrogen-bonded sheets before the crystals start to melt. Incorporation of trans-1,4-CHDA residues into polyamide 12.6 leads to higher melting temperatures, pointing at cocrystallization in terms of a solid solution rather than as defects. In contrast, a slight melting point depression is observed for copolymers with predominately cis-1,4-CHDA residues.