Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition vol:16 issue:4 pages:364-368
There is a growing tendency to estimate energy requirements by means of the assessment of resting energy expenditure (REE) by indirect calorimetry. In this study a computerized open-circuit ventilated hood system is described that was constructed for assessing REE in a clinical setting. Measurement error of the device, tested by ethanol combustion was +2% for VO2 and VCO2 and <1% for respiratory quotient. To assess the within-patient variability of REE measurements performed in a daily clinical routine, we studied the following aspects of the measurements in several groups of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: (1) reproducibility, (2) the influence of routine physical activities before the measurement, (3) measurement duration, and (14) difference between measurements using a ventilated hood or a mouthpiece. Reproducibility of measurements with a 2-month interval in 12 weight-stable patients was good (1415 +/- 128 and 1398 +/- 138 kcal/day). Variations due to limited activities and different measurement durations (between 10 and 30 minutes) were not significant. Variations between measurements with a mouth-piece and ventilated hood were larger in patients than in healthy control subjects, but for both groups no systematic difference was established. REE can be assessed reliably by short-term measurements with a ventilated hood in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients on an outpatient basis, provided a short rest is taken before the measurement.