European Journal of Paediatric Neurology vol:11 issue:1 pages:17-20
BACKGROUND: In the heterogeneous group of mitochondrial disorders, patients with the same genotype can show different phenotypes and the same phenotype can be caused by different genotypes. We describe a family with the m.14709T>C mutation and a clinical presentation of hydrops fetalis, in contrast to previous reports in which patients presented with myopathy and/or diabetes mellitus. AIM: To identify a mutation in the mtDNA of a family with a heterogeneous clinical presentation. METHODS: Both biochemical and molecular analyses were performed. RESULTS: Biochemical results showed a decreased complex I and IV activity in muscle tissue of the patients. A mosaic-staining pattern for complex I in the patients' fibroblasts was revealed using immunocytochemistry. Molecular analyses identified the m.14709T>C mutation in the mitochondrial encoded tRNA(Glu) gene. CONCLUSION: We report 2 siblings with the m.14709T>C mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA(Glu) gene. The first patient showed hydrops fetalis, a new presentation within the clinical spectrum of this mutation, and the other a known presentation namely mild myopathy.