Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology vol:461 issue:5 pages:507-513
Polycystic kidney disease 2-like 1(PKD2L1), previously called transient receptor potential polycystin 3 (TRPP3), forms constitutively active voltage-dependent nonselective cation channels in the plasma membrane. The mechanism of regulation of PKD2L1 channels, however, has been poorly understood. In the present study, we found a bell-shaped alkaline pH dependence of PKD2L1 channel activity at the single-channel and whole-cell levels in patch-clamp recordings in HEK293T cells overexpressing mouse PKD2L1: alkalization to pH 8.0-9.0 increased the PKD2L1 currents, but alkalization to pH 10.0 decreased them. Single-channel analysis revealed that alkalization changed the open probability of PKD2L1 channels, but not their single-channel conductance. In addition, the voltage dependence of PKD2L1 channels was negatively and positively shifted by treatment with solutions of pH 8.0-9.0 and pH 10.0, respectively. These results indicate that the voltage-dependent gating of PKD2L1 channels was modulated by alkalization through two different mechanisms. Interestingly, we observed rebound activation of the PKD2L1 channel on washout of the alkaline solution after PKD2L1 channel inhibition at pH 10.0, suggesting that alkalization to pH 10.0 decreased PKD2L1 currents by inactivating the channels. Consistently, the PKD2L1 tail currents were accelerated by alkalization. These results suggest that alkalization is a bimodal modulator of mouse PKD2L1 channels.