Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies vol:37 issue:1 pages:23-41
Using representative survey data of 5,466 ‘titular’ (i.e. named after the states or republics
of residence) and Russian respondents, this study examines the relationship between
ethnic and republic identification in 28 cities in five autonomous republics of the Russian
Federation, in Ukraine and in the Ukrainian Republic of Crimea. In accordance with
Social Dominance Theory, ethnic and republic identification turned out to be positively
and more strongly correlated among dominant than among subordinate groups. Groupsize
ratio was not found to affect identification patterns. At the contextual level,
perceived cultural threat and the endorsement of multiculturalism and minority rights
moderated the association between ethnic and republic identification of both groups.
Intergroup differences in identification patterns were smaller in cities where both support
for multiculturalism and the perception of cultural threat were higher. These results also
shed light on the developing relationships between Russian and titular populations in the
former Soviet Union.