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Title: Clinical and diagnostic approach in unsolved CDG patients with a type 2 transferrin pattern
Authors: Mohamed, M ×
Guillard, M
Wortmann, S B
Cirak, S
Marklova, E
Michelakakis, H
Korsch, E
Adamowicz, M
Koletzko, B
van Spronsen, F J
Niezen-Koning, K E
Matthijs, Gert
Gardeitchik, T
Kouwenberg, D
Chan Lim, B
Zeevaert, R
Wevers, R A
Lefeber, D J
Morava, E #
Issue Date: Feb-2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Series Title: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular Basis of Disease vol:1812 issue:6691 pages:691-698
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Dysmorphic features, multisystem disease and central nervous system involvement are common symptoms in congenital disorders of glycosylation, including several recently discovered Golgi-related glycosylation defects. In search for discriminative features, we assessed eleven children, suspected with a Golgi-related inborn error of glycosylation. METHODS: We evaluated all genetically unsolved patients, diagnosed with a type 2 transferrin isofocusing pattern in the period of 1999-2009. By combining biochemical results with characteristic clinical symptoms we used a diagnostic flow chart to approach the underlying defect in patients with CDG-IIx. According to specific symptoms and laboratory results we initiated additional, targeted biochemical and genetic studies. RESULTS: We found a distinctive spectrum of CDG type 2-associated anomalies including sudden hearing loss, brain malformations, wrinkled skin and epilepsy in combination with skeletal dysplasia, dilated cardiomyopathy, sudden cardiac arrest, abnormal copper and iron metabolism and endocrine abnormalities in our patients. One patient with severe cortical malformations and mild skin abnormalities was diagnosed with a known genetic syndrome, due to an ATP6V0A2 defect. CONCLUSION: Here we present unique CDG type 2-associated anomalies, including both ATPase-related and unrelated cutis laxa, and sensorineural hearing loss; a recently recognized symptom of CDG. Based on our findings we recommend clinicians to consider CDG in patients with cardiac rhythm disorders, spondylodysplasia and biochemical abnormalities of the copper and iron metabolism even in absence of intellectual disability.
ISSN: 0925-4439
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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