Title: A clustering study of a 7000 EU document inventory using MDS and SOM
Authors: De Mazière, Patrick ×
Van Hulle, Marc #
Issue Date: Jul-2011
Publisher: Pergamon
Series Title: Expert Systems with Applications vol:38 issue:7 pages:8835-8849
Abstract: In this article, we discuss a number of methods and tools to cluster a 7000 document inventory in order to
evaluate the impact of EU funded research in social sciences and humanities on EU policies. The inventory,
which is not publicly available, but provided to us by the European Union (EU) in the framework of
an EU project, could be divided into three main categories: research documents, influential policy documents,
and policy documents. To represent the results in a way that non-experts could make use of it, we
explored and compared two visualisation techniques, multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) and the selforganising
map (SOM), and one of the latter’s derivatives, the U-matrix. Contrary to most other
approaches, which perform text analyses only on document titles and abstracts, we performed a full text
analysis on more than 300,000 pages in total. Due to the inability of many software suites to handle text
mining problems of this size, we developed our own analysis platform. We show that the combination of
a U-matrix and an MDS map, which is rarely performed in the domain of text mining, reveals information
that would go unnoticed otherwise. Furthermore, we show that the combination of a database, to store
the data and the (intermediate) results, and a webserver, to visualise the results, offers a powerful platform
to analyse the data and share the results with all participants/collaborators involved in a data- and
computation intensive EU-project, thereby guaranteeing both data- and result consistency.
ISSN: 0957-4174
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Research Group Neurophysiology
Centre for High Stakes Assessment in Medical Education (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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