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Title: Influence of combined use of nicotinamide and carbogen on rat spinal cord radiation tolerance
Authors: Haustermans, Karin
Landuyt, W.
Vanacker, Bernard
van der Kogel, A J
van der Schueren, E. #
Issue Date: May-1994
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Host Document: Radiotherapy and Oncology vol:31 issue:2 pages:123-128
Conference: ESTRO location:Malmo date:1992
Abstract: The effect of combining oxygen or carbogen breathing with the systemic administration of nicotinamide (NA) on spinal cord tolerance in Ethrane anesthetised male WAG/Rij rats has been investigated. Ten fraction experiments were carried out with daily (24 h between fractions) and twice a day fractionation (8 h between fractions). Nicotinamide (500 mg/kg) was injected 1 h prior to each irradiation. In addition, a 10-fraction experiment with daily intervals was carried out in which NA was added immediately after irradiation under carbogen breathing conditions. Single dose irradiations showed a minimal decrease in ED50 from 21 Gy in oxygen conditions to 19.9 Gy in carbogen conditions and 19.4 Gy when combined with NA. In the fractionation experiments, comparing the response to irradiation in oxygen (O) and nicotinamide oxygen (NO) conditions for the 24-h interval experiment, the ED50 for O was 61.6 Gy compared with 54.5 Gy for NO. When carbogen (C) was compared with nicotinamide carbogen (NC), the ED50 for C was 62.3 Gy and 53.9 Gy for NC. When NA was administered immediately after irradiation under carbogen breathing conditions the ED50 increased to 57.8 Gy. For twice a day fractionation the modifying effect of nicotinamide was similar to that observed for daily fractionation (ED50 of 57.9 Gy for O, 57 Gy for C and 50.9 Gy for CN), when corrected for incomplete repair in between the two fractions given on 1 day.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0167-8140
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IC
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Experimental Radiotherapy
Anesthesiology and Algology
# (joint) last author

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