Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications vol:405 issue:4 pages:527-532
The production of lysozyme inhibitors, competitively binding to the lysozyme active site, is a bacterial strategy to prevent the lytic activity of host lysozymes. Therefore, suppression of the lysozyme-inhibitor interaction is an interesting new approach for drug development since restoration of the bacterial lysozyme sensitivity will support bacterial clearance from the infected sites. Using molecular modelling techniques the interaction of the Salmonella PliC inhibitor with c-type lysozyme was studied and a protein-protein interaction based pharmacophore model was created. This model was used as a query to identify molecules, with potential affinity for the target, and subsequently, these molecules were filtered using molecular docking. The retained molecules were validated as suppressors of lysozyme inhibitory proteins using in vitro experiments revealing four active molecules.