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Title: Predictive biomarker discovery through the parallel integration of clinical trial and functional genomics datasets
Authors: Swanton, Charles ×
Larkin, James M
Gerlinger, Marco
Eklund, Aron C
Howell, Michael
Stamp, Gordon
Downward, Julian
Gore, Martin
Futreal, P Andrew
Escudier, Bernard
Andre, Fabrice
Albiges, Laurence
Beuselinck, Benoit
Oudard, Stephane
Hoffmann, Jens
Gyorffy, Balázs
Torrance, Chris J
Boehme, Karen A
Volkmer, Hansjuergen
Toschi, Luisella
Nicke, Barbara
Beck, Marlene
Szallasi, Zoltan #
Issue Date: Aug-2010
Publisher: BioMed Central
Series Title: Genome Medicine vol:2 issue:8 pages:53
Abstract: ABSTRACT : The European Union multi-disciplinary Personalised RNA interference to Enhance the Delivery of Individualised Cytotoxic and Targeted therapeutics (PREDICT) consortium has recently initiated a framework to accelerate the development of predictive biomarkers of individual patient response to anti-cancer agents. The consortium focuses on the identification of reliable predictive biomarkers to approved agents with anti-angiogenic activity for which no reliable predictive biomarkers exist: sunitinib, a multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor and everolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway inhibitor. Through the analysis of tumor tissue derived from pre-operative renal cell carcinoma (RCC) clinical trials, the PREDICT consortium will use established and novel methods to integrate comprehensive tumor-derived genomic data with personalized tumor-derived small hairpin RNA and high-throughput small interfering RNA screens to identify and validate functionally important genomic or transcriptomic predictive biomarkers of individual drug response in patients. PREDICT's approach to predictive biomarker discovery differs from conventional associative learning approaches, which can be susceptible to the detection of chance associations that lead to overestimation of true clinical accuracy. These methods will identify molecular pathways important for survival and growth of RCC cells and particular targets suitable for therapeutic development. Importantly, our results may enable individualized treatment of RCC, reducing ineffective therapy in drug-resistant disease, leading to improved quality of life and higher cost efficiency, which in turn should broaden patient access to beneficial therapeutics, thereby enhancing clinical outcome and cancer survival. The consortium will also establish and consolidate a European network providing the technological and clinical platform for large-scale functional genomic biomarker discovery. Here we review our current understanding of molecular mechanisms driving resistance to anti-angiogenesis agents, the current limitations of laboratory and clinical trial strategies and how the PREDICT consortium will endeavor to identify a new generation of predictive biomarkers.
URI: 
ISSN: 1756-994X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Experimental Oncology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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