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Title: Telomere healing following DNA polymerase arrest-induced breakages is likely the main mechanism generating chromosome 4p terminal deletions
Authors: Hannes, Femke
Van Houdt, Jeroen
Quarrell, Oliver W
Poot, Martin
Hochstenbach, Ron
Fryns, Jean-Pierre
Vermeesch, Joris # ×
Issue Date: Dec-2010
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Series Title: Human Mutation vol:31 issue:12 pages:1343-1351
Article number: 10.1002/humu.21368
Abstract: Constitutional developmental disorders are frequently caused by terminal chromosomal deletions. The mechanisms and/or architectural features that might underlie those chromosome breakages remain largely unexplored. Because telomeres are the vital DNA protein complexes stabilizing linear chromosomes against chromosome degradation, fusion, and incomplete replication, those terminal-deleted chromosomes acquired new telomeres either by telomere healing or by telomere capture. To unravel the mechanisms leading to chromosomal breakage and healing, we sequenced nine chromosome 4p terminal deletion boundaries. A computational analysis of the breakpoint flanking region, including 12 previously published pure terminal breakage sites, was performed in order to identify architectural features that might be involved in this process. All terminal 4p truncations were likely stabilized by telomerase-mediated telomere healing. In the majority of breakpoints multiple genetic elements have a potential to induce secondary structures and an enrichment in replication stalling site motifs were identified. These findings suggest DNA replication stalling-induced chromosome breakage during early development is the first mechanistic step leading toward terminal deletion syndromes.
URI: 
ISSN: 1059-7794
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
Laboratory for Cytogenetics and Genome Research
Department of Imaging & Pathology - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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