Title: Prevention of hyperparathyroidism in patients on maintenance dialysis by intravenous 1-alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 in association with Mg(OH)2 as sole phosphate binder. A randomized comparative study with the association CaCO3 +/- Mg(OH)2
Authors: Mornière, P ×
Maurouard, C
Boudailliez, B
Westeel, P F
Achard, J M
Boitte, F
el Esper, N
Compagnon, M
Maurel, G
Bouillon, Roger #
Issue Date: Jan-1992
Series Title: Nephron vol:60 issue:2 pages:154-63
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the place of intravenous 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 (1 alpha-OH-D3) in the prevention of radiologically obvious hyperparathyroidism (HPT) in patients on maintenance dialysis while excluding aluminium phosphate binder and using a dialysate calcium concentration of 1.62 mmol which keeps the intradialytic calcium balance neutral. Therefore, 47 patients without subperiosteal resorption and previously treated by oral CaCO3 and if necessary Mg(OH)2 as phosphate binder while their dialysate calcium had a Ca level of 1.62 and a Mg level of 0.2 mmol/l were randomized into a control group of 24 who were maintained on the same treatment and an experimental group of 23. This group discontinued CaCO3 and received intravenous 1 alpha-OH-D3 after each dialysis at increasing doses up to 4 micrograms and increased Mg(OH)2 as their sole phosphate binder. When plasma Ca increased above 2.7 mmol/l, the dose of 1 alpha-OH-D3 was decreased. When plasma PO4 increased above 2 mmol/l, the dose of Mg(OH)2 was increased to the highest dose not inducing diarrhea, hypermagnesemia (less than 2 mmol/l) or hyperkalemia (less than 6 mmol/l). In case of persistent hyperphosphatemia, the dose of 1 alpha-OH-D3 was decreased. Since mean plasma alkaline phosphatase was normal, HPT was monitored on the plasma concentration of 1-84 PTH for which a previous histological study showed that frank osteitis fibrosa was present only when they were above 70 pg/ml, i.e. (about twice the upper limit of the normal value). Before the study, plasma PTH was below this limit in 16 patients of the CaCO3 group and in 14 patients of the 1 alpha-OH-D3 group. After 6 months, they remained below this limit in all patients except 2 of each group. Plasma PTH was initially above 70 pg/ml in 8 of the CaCO3 and did not change significantly throughout the study, 2 patients having at 6 months a PTH level below 70 pg/ml. In contrast with intravenous 1 alpha-OH-D3, all the 9 patients with initial frank HPT decreased their PTH levels after 2 months, the levels being below 70 pg/ml in 6 cases. However, because of hypercalcemia and/or of hyperphosphatemia in spite of a highest tolerable dose of Mg(OH)2, 1 alpha-OH-D3 doses had to be decreased down to 0.4 microgram per dialysis at the 6th month so that at 6 months 6 of 9 patients had their PTH levels above 70 pg/ml, a number comparable to that of patients treated with CaCO3 (6 of 8).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
ISSN: 0028-2766
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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