Acculturation Attitudes and Social Adjustment in British South Asian Children: A Longitudinal Study
Brown, Rupert × Baysu, Gulseli Cameron, Lindsey Nigbur, Dennis Rutland, Adam Watters, Charles Hossain, Rosa LeTouze, Dominique Landau, Anick #
A one-year longitudinal study with three testing points was conducted with 215 British South Asian children aged 5-11 years to test hypotheses drawn from Berry’s acculturation framework. Using purpose-designed age-appropriate measures of acculturation attitudes and psychosocial outcomes, it was found that (a) children generally favoured an integrationist attitude, and this was more pronounced among older (8-10 years) children than in younger (5-7 years) children; (b) changes over time in the children’s self-esteem and peer acceptance were associated with different acculturation attitudes held by children at the start of the study, as shown by latent growth curve analyses; and (c) acculturation attitudes were causally related to both positive (self-esteem and peer acceptance) and negative (emotional symptoms) psychosocial outcomes, as evidenced by cross-lagged analyses. The implications of these ambivalent outcomes of children’s acculturation attitudes are discussed.