TIES (The integration of European Second-Generation) Research Training Network Final conference location:Paris, France date:May 26-28 2010 International conference for young researchers on I.N.T.E.G.R.A.T.I.O.N. Institutional and Life-Course Perspectives on Migration location:Bremen, Germany date:January 20-22 2011
In this paper we describe and explain how children of immigrants navigate their school careers. Optimal matching is used to cluster school trajectories in four European countries, which differ in national educational systems ranging from comprehensive to highly differentiated. Samples are young adults of the Turkish and Moroccan second-generation and the majority group (aged 18-35) in seven cities (N = 4,022). School trajectories of the second-generation are reconstructed and compared to the majority groups across educational systems. Second, the impact of perceived segregation and friendship networks on school trajectories are examined. Across school systems, second generation students more often follow short school careers and less often direct academic careers than majority students. Having majority group friends increases the chances of following academic trajectories. The effects of perceived school segregation are mixed. More comprehensive systems protect against negative effects of segregation for second-generation students and allow for second chances into education.
The manuscript has been written with the grant awarded for the corresponding author by Marie Curie Research Training Network and by ZEIT Stiftung