Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine vol:41 issue:1 pages:23-8
In patients who are hypersensitive to p-tert-butylphenol-formaldehyde resin (PTBP-F-R), it is necessary, for diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventive reasons, to know the identity of the primary sensitizing substances, their sensitizing capacities, and their crossreaction patterns. The aims of this study were to investigate the presence of a simultaneous p-tert-butylcatechol (PTBC) contact allergy in individuals who were hypersensitive to PTBP-F-R, to investigate the sensitizing capacity of PTBC and p-tert-butylphenol (PTBP) in guinea pigs, and to study any crossreaction patterns. In 294 dermatitis patients tested with PTBP-F-R and PTBC, there was a statistically significant over-representation of simultaneous test reactions. Use of the guinea pig maximization test demonstrated that PTBC is a strong sensitizer giving crossreactions to PTBP. PTBP, however, failed to induce sensitization.