Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology vol:89-90 issue:1-5 pages:457-9
The immune effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)) are mainly mediated through dendritic cells (DCs). In vitro, 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) treatment renders murine bone marrow (BM)-derived DCs more tolerogenic, indirectly altering behavior and fate of T lymphocytes. In vivo, treatment with 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) or its analogs prevents diabetes in NOD mice. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the 1,25(OH)(2)D(3)-analog TX527 on the expression of antigen-presenting and costimulatory/migratory molecules on BM-derived DCs from NOD mice. After culture with 20 ng/ml GM-CSF + 20 ng/ml IL-4 (8 days) followed by 1000 ng/ml LPS + 100 U/ml IFN-gamma (2 days), with or without 10(-8)M TX527, cells were counted and analyzed by FACS for MHC II, CD86, CD40 and CD54 expression within the CD11c(+) DC population. Upon TX527 treatment, cell recovery was significantly reduced whereas the CD11c(+) DC fraction remained constant. On CD11c(+) DCs, MHC II, CD86 and CD54 were significantly down-regulated and CD40 was twofold upregulated. Globally, BM-derived DCs from NOD mice become more tolerogenic upon TX527 treatment, confirming the effects of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) on murine DCs and possibly explaining the protective effects of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) and its analogs from diabetes in NOD mice.