Molecular and cellular endocrinology vol:64 issue:2 pages:195-204
The binding of androgen-receptor complexes to fragments derived from two alpha 2u-globulin genes (RAP 01 and RAO 01) was studied using a DNA-cellulose competition assay. Rat prostate cytosol labelled with [3H]mibolerone was used as a source of the androgen receptor. Two controls were included in these studies: the long terminal repeat (LTR) of mouse mammary tumor virus which has previously been shown to act as an androgen response element and a fragment of the C3 gene of prostatic binding protein which has been demonstrated to bind androgen-receptor complexes. Our experiments indicate that androgen-receptor complexes bind specifically and with comparable affinity to the C3 gene fragment, the LTR and a fragment of RAP 01 located in the 5'-upstream region (bp -642 up to -584). No specific interaction was observed with fragments derived from RAO 01. The region of RAP 01 which binds androgen-receptor complexes has previously been shown to interact with glucocorticoid receptors and contains a 17 bp sequence homologous with the consensus sequence for glucocorticoid-receptor binding. A mutation in this sequence in RAO 01 may be responsible for the loss of glucocorticoid and androgen-receptor binding. It is concluded that at least one member of the alpha 2u-globulin gene family interacts directly with androgen-receptor complexes with an affinity comparable to that observed for other androgen-dependent genes. The binding is observed in a region displaying also affinity for the glucocorticoid receptor.