Title: An interferon-beta-like or interferon-inducing protein released by mitogen-stimulated human leukocytes
Authors: Van Damme, Jozef ×
Billiau, Alfons
De Ley, Marc
De Somer, P #
Issue Date: Aug-1983
Series Title: Journal of General Virology vol:64 (Pt 8) pages:1819-22
Abstract: Human peripheral blood leukocytes were treated with concanavalin A (Con A) to produce interferon gamma (HuIFN-gamma). On gel filtration this interferon eluted as a protein with a molecular weight of 45000. In addition to this, the culture supernatant contained an interferon-like protein of apparent molecular weight 22000 (22K factor). The antiviral activity of this protein was neutralizable by a highly specific antibody to HuIFN-beta. Yet, the 22K factor differed from classical HuIFN-beta in several characteristics: lack of activity on certain homologous and heterologous cells which are sensitive to HuIFN-beta; lack of affinity for zinc-chelate and Con A-Sepharose columns; failure to bind to an anti-HuIFN-beta antibody column. Moreover, a specific antiserum raised against the 22K factor did not neutralize HuIFN-beta. Two alternative explanations of these findings are proposed: (i) the 22K factor is an interferon whose molecular structure resembles that of the known HuIFN-beta but it is not identical to it, or (ii) the 22K factor is not an interferon but a protein that can induce the production of HuIFN-beta in certain lines of fibroblastoid cells.
ISSN: 0022-1317
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Academic Center for General Practice
Laboratory of Molecular Immunology (Rega Institute)
Laboratory of Immunobiology (Rega Institute)
Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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