Journal of Hazardous Materials vol:184 issue:1-3 pages:788-797
The impact on human health of substances emitted to air by the Flemish industry was calculated with characterization factors (CFs) provided by the CML, Eco-indicator 99, EPS, EDI P and USEtox impact assessment methods. A comparison of the results pointed out that the choice of the CFs can greatly influence conclusions on the trend of the impact over time and on the relative contribution of the individual substances. lithe impact on human health of organic substances and heavy metals was assessed separately, the differences between methods were less pronounced. In this case, the impacts on human health obtained by simply dividing the emitted masses of substances by the respective minimal risk concentrations or minimal risk doses, were comparable to those calculated with the CFs of the model-based methods. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.