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Title: Biological evaluation of epoxy analogs of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3
Authors: Allewaert, K ×
Zhao, X Y
Zhao, J
Glibert, F
Branisteanu, D
De Clercq, P
Vandewalle, M
Bouillon, Roger #
Issue Date: Apr-1995
Series Title: Steroids vol:60 issue:4 pages:324-32
Abstract: The biological activity of 16-epoxy side-chain analogs of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, (1 alpha,25(OH)2D3) was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Compared to 1 alpha,25(0H)2D3, all analogs had lower affinities for the pig duodenal vitamin D receptor and also for the human serum vitamin D binding protein. The in vitro effects on cell proliferation or differentiation of human promyeloid leukemia (induction of superoxide production in HL-60 cells), human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells (osteocalcin secretion), or human breast cancer cells (incorporation of thymidine in MCF-7 cells), was markedly inhibited by several epoxy analogs, compared to 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3, but the rank order of their activity widely varied among different cancer cells. The most potent analogs (24S,25S-24-hydroxy-25,26-epoxy-22-ene-1 alpha-OHD3, 25,26-epoxy-23-yne-1 alpha-OHD3, and 25,26-epoxy-23-yne-20-epi-1 alpha-OHD3 or compounds, 16, 5, and 7, respectively) were equipotent (16 and 5) or 30-fold (compound 7 on MG-63 cells) to 40-fold (compound 7 on MCF-7 cells) more active than 1 alpha,25-(OH)2D3. These analogs were nevertheless poorly antirachitic (< 3%) when tested in vitamin D-deficient chicks (using serum and bone calcium, serum osteocalcin and duodenal calbindin D-28K, as end points). Compound 7 was also 100-fold more active than 1 alpha,25-(OH)2D3 in inhibition of proliferation of human foreskin keratinocytes. Some epoxy analogs of 1 alpha,25-(OH)2D3 thus display interesting dissociations between their receptor affinity and their potency to induce cell differentiation, whereas their effect on cell proliferation/differentiation exceed their calcemic effects more than 100- to 1000-fold.
URI: 
ISSN: 0039-128X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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