Nikephoros: Zeitschrift für Sport und Kultur im Altertum vol:22 pages:129-143
The paper reexamines the evidence for the office of alytarches, which is attested in Olympia from the late Hellenistic period on and at local Olympics of several cities in Asia Minor, as well as in Antioch, where the games continued until the early sixth century AD. The alytarchy was designed in Olympia, at a time of financial need, as a liturgical office for the payment of the wages of the policemen at the games, but it grew out to be, by the second century AD, a presidency of the Olympic games. Local Olympics founded in the second or third century therefore have alytarchai instead of agonothetai. At other games, older Olympic games or even some local Pythia, alytarchai were introduced besides agonothetai to divide the expenses weighing on the president.