Title: Synthesis, modeling and evaluation of 3'-(1-aryl-1H-tetrazol-5-ylamino)-substituted 3'-deoxythymidine derivatives as potent and selective human mitochondrial thymidine kinase inhibitors
Authors: Van Poecke, Sara ×
Negri, Ana
Janssens, Jolien
Solaroli, Nicola
Karlsson, Anna
Gago, Federico
Balzarini, Jan
Van Calenbergh, Serge #
Issue Date: Feb-2011
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Series Title: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry vol:9 issue:3 pages:892-901
Abstract: Based on the presumed binding mode of an earlier identified inhibitor, we herein report new 3'-modified nucleosides as potent and selective inhibitors of mitochondrial thymidine kinase (TK2). A series of thirteen 3'-amino-, 3'-guanidino- and 3'-tetrazole-containing nucleosides were synthesized and evaluated for their TK2 inhibitory activity. Within the tetrazole series, compounds with nanomolar inhibitory activity were identified. A homology model of TK2 allowed to elucidate the observed activities. Introduction of a 2-bromovinyl group on C-5 of the pyrimidine base of the most promising 3'-derivative further improved the inhibitory activity, and caused a significant increase in the selectivity for TK2 versus TK1. Interestingly, for the current series of analogues, a strong correlation was observed between TK2 and Drosophila melanogaster dNK inhibition, further substantiating the phylogenetic relationship between these two nucleoside kinases.
ISSN: 1477-0520
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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