Title: Murine interferon-gamma/interleukin-1 fusion proteins used as antigens for the generation of hybridomas producing monoclonal anti-interleukin-1 antibodies
Authors: Dijkmans, R ×
Martens, E
Beuken, E
Cornette, F
Dillen, C
Heremans, Hubertine
Boraschi, D
Billiau, Alfons #
Issue Date: Mar-1991
Series Title: Cytokine vol:3 issue:2 pages:134-40
Abstract: In several biological systems interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) act synergistically. We therefore examined whether it would be possible to construct IFN-gamma/IL-1 hybrid proteins that would be more active than the individual components. Hybrid proteins were examined that consisted of the amino-terminal 118 residues of mouse IFN-gamma and the 156 or 152 carboxyl-terminal residues of mouse IL-1 alpha or IL-1 beta, respectively. They were obtained by ligation of the respective coding sequences and expression of the fused genes under control of the PL promotor in Escherichia coli. Both the IFN-gamma/IL-1 alpha and the IFN-gamma/IL-1 beta fusion proteins were purified by affinity chromatography on an anti-IFN-gamma monoclonal antibody column. Analysis of biological activities showed that these fusion proteins were less active than the individual cytokines. Specific antiviral activity of the IFN-gamma/IL-1 beta hybrids was less than 0.1% that of IFN-gamma and D10.G4.1 T-cell proliferative (IL-1) activity amounted to 0.1% that of mouse IL-1. Affinity-purified preparations of the IFN-gamma/IL-1 alpha hybrid were found to contain variable proportions of a Mr 14,000 degradation product possessing IFN-gamma activity, whereas the undegraded Mr 30,000 fusion protein, while being devoid of detectable IFN-gamma activity, did possess IL-1 activity (1%). Serum from rats immunized with the IFN-gamma/IL-1 alpha hybrid contained high levels of IL-1 alpha-binding and -neutralizing antibodies and IFN-gamma-binding antibodies, but no detectable levels of IFN-gamma-neutralizing antibodies.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 1043-4666
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Immunobiology (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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