IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems vol:10 issue:4 pages:649-657
This paper presents a continuous traffic-flow model for the explorative analysis of advanced driver-assistance systems (ADASs). Such systems use technology (sensors and intervehicle communication) to support the task of the driver, who retains full control over the vehicle. Based on a review of different traffic-flow modeling approaches and their suitability for exploring traffic-flow patterns in the presence of ADASs, kinetic traffic-flow models are selected because of their good representation on both the aggregate level (congestion dynamics) and the level of the individual vehicle (vehicular interactions either directly or through intervehicle communication). The human-kinetic modeling approach is presented. It is a multiclass variant of kinetic traffic-flow models that is strongly based on individual driver behavior, i.e., on fully continuous acceleration/deceleration behavior and explicit modeling of the activation level of the driver. The strength of this modeling approach is illustrated by application to a driver-assistance system that uses intervehicle communication. It warns drivers when approaching sharp decelerations in a queue tail. The explorative analysis shows that the system results in safer and smoother transition from free-flowing to congested traffic. It also avoids compression of the queue tail, thus preventing the emergence of stop-and-go congestion patterns.