Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism vol:70 issue:5 pages:1431-7
Serum levels of osteocalcin [OC; bone Gla protein (BGP)] and bone alkaline phosphatase (B-AP) are both correlated to osteoblastic activity, which may be regulated by several hormones, including estrogen, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3], and PTH. Estrogen shows reproducible variations during the menstrual cycle, while available data on variations in serum 1,25-(OH)2D3 and serum immunoreactive PTH show midcyclic increases or no changes. In the present study we evaluated osteoblastic activity by measuring serum OC and B-AP during the menstrual cycle in eight healthy women, aged 20-47 yr. The cycles were synchronized by LH peaks, and follicular and luteal periods were normalized by lengths. Repeated measures analysis of variance showed that serum OC varied significantly (P less than 0.05), with highest levels during the luteal period. Although the same pattern was seen for serum B-AP, the variation just failed to reach significance (P less than 0.10), but the mean level was significantly higher during the luteal than during the follicular period (P less than 0.05). Gonadotropins and ovarian sex hormones showed significant variations. There were no significant changes in serum vitamin D-binding protein, serum total and free 1,25-(OH)2D3 index, or serum immunoreactive PTH-(1-84), but serum levels of somatomedin-C showed a significant variation, with the highest level during the luteal period (P less than 0.05). Blood levels and urinary excretion of minerals exhibited no significant variations. Cross-correlation studies between OC and estradiol showed the highest correlation coefficient, when OC was lagged about 7 days after estradiol (r = 0.69; P less than 0.05). Moreover, a high correlation was found between OC and somatomedin-C when matched at concurrent time points (r = 0.76; P less than 0.01). No significant correlations were found between the other calcium-regulating hormones and OC when matched at concurrent time points. In conclusion, we found a significant effect of the menstrual cycle on the serum levels of two osteoblastic bone markers, OC and B-AP. The changes indicated that osteoblastic activity is higher during the luteal period. However, whether the changes are caused by direct or indirect effects of the fluctuations in calciotropic hormones is still unresolved.