|Title: ||Comparison of Changes in Bone Density and Turnover with Abacavir-Lamivudine versus Tenofovir-Emtricitabine in HIV-Infected Adults: 48-Week Results from the ASSERT Study|
|Authors: ||Stellbrink, Hans-Juergen ×|
Arribas, Jose Ramon
Van Wijngaerden, Eric
Sprenger, Herman G
Pearce, Helen #
|Issue Date: ||Oct-2010 |
|Publisher: ||The University of Chicago Press|
|Series Title: ||Clinical Infectious Diseases vol:51 issue:8 pages:963-972|
|Abstract: ||Background. Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles.
Methods. In this European, multicenter, open-label, 96-week study, antiretroviral-naive adult subjects with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were randomized to receive either abacavir-lamivudine or tenofovir-emtricitabine with efavirenz. Primary analyses were conducted after 48 weeks of treatment. Bone mineral density (BMD), a powered secondary end point, was assessed by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Bone turnover markers (osteocalcin, procollagen 1 N-terminal propeptide, bone specific alkaline phosphatase, and type 1 collagen cross-linked C telopeptide [CTx]) were assessed in an exploratory analysis.
Results. A total of 385 subjects were enrolled in the study. BMD loss was observed in both treatment groups, with a significant difference in the change from baseline in both total hip (abacavir-lamivudine group, −1.9%; tenofovir-emtricitabine group, −3.6%; P <; .001) and lumbar spine (abacavir-lamivudine group, −1.6%; tenofoviremtricitabine group, −2.4%; P = .036). BMD loss of ⩾6% was more common in the tenofovir-emtricitabine group (13% of the tenofovir-emtricitabine group vs 3% of the abacavir-lamivudine group had a loss of ⩾6% in the hip; 15% vs 5% had a loss of ⩾6% in the spine). Bone turnover markers increased in both treatment groups over the first 24 weeks, stabilizing or decreasing thereafter. Increases in all markers were significantly greater in the tenofovir-emtricitabine treatment group than in the abacavir-lamivudine group at week 24. All but CTx remained significantly different at week 48 (eg, osteocalcin: abacavir-lamivudine group, +8.07 mg/L; tenofoviremtricitabine group, +11.92 mg/L; P < .001).
Conclusions. This study demonstrated the impact of first-line treatment regimens on bone. Greater increases in bone turnover and decreases in BMD were observed in subjects treated with tenofovir-emtricitabine than were observed in subjects treated with abacavir-lamivudine.
|Publication status: ||published|
|KU Leuven publication type: ||IT|
|Appears in Collections:||Laboratory for Clinical Infectious and Inflammatory Disorders|