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Title: Correlation between clinicopathological features and karyotype in spindle cell sarcomas. A report of 130 cases from the CHAMP study group
Authors: Fletcher, C D ×
Dal Cin, Paola
De Wever, Ivo
Mandahl, N
Mertens, F
Mitelman, F
Rosai, J
Rydholm, A
Sciot, Raphael
Tallini, G
Van den Berghe, Herman
Vanni, R
Willén, H #
Issue Date: Jun-1999
Series Title: American Journal of Pathology vol:154 issue:6 pages:1841-7
Abstract: Soft-tissue tumors have proved to be a fruitful area for the identification of reproducible cytogenetic aberrations, especially among pediatric round-cell sarcomas and lipomatous tumors. Thus far, however, data regarding sarcomas of monomorphic spindle cell type have been limited and somewhat disappointing, with the notable exception of synovial sarcoma. As part of an ongoing international collaborative study, 130 karyotyped spindle-cell sarcomas were reviewed and classified histologically, without knowledge of the clinical and karyotypic data, with the aim of identifying objective correlations between morphology, karyotype, and clinical parameters. Clonal chromosomal abnormalities were identified in 82 cases studied (63%), but only in the group of synovial sarcomas was there clear correlation between the cytogenetic findings, in the form of a consistent t(X;18)(p11;q11), and morphology. Among leiomyosarcomas (41 cases) and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs; 27 cases) as well as in individual examples of rarer entities, there was a general tendency for karyotypic complexity associated with frequent loss or rearrangement of chromosome arms 1p, 10p, 11q, 12q, 17p, and 22q. Rearrangements of 17q (the region of the NF1 gene) were seen in 9/27 (33%) of MPNSTs. Among nine cases of solitary fibrous tumor (in which previous cytogenetic data are very limited) no consistent aberrations were identified. We conclude that, with the exception of synovial sarcoma, most spindle-cell sarcomas share with pleomorphic sarcomas the tendency for karyotypic complexity. There was no indication (in most of these lesions) that detectable cytogenetic aberrations could either facilitate their diagnosis or help to determine prognosis. There is a clear need to further study and understand the significance of multiple chromosomal abnormalities in this group of mesenchymal neoplasms with the particular goal of determining their role in the process of tumor development.
ISSN: 0002-9440
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Surgical Oncology
Translational Cell & Tissue Research
Clinical Genetics Section (-)
Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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