Title: Increased Glucocorticoid Receptor Expression and Activity Mediate the LPS Resistance of SPRET/EI Mice
Authors: Dejager, Lien ×
Pinheiro, Iris
Puimege, Leen
Fan, Ye-Dong
Gremeaux, Lies
Vankelecom, Hugo
Libert, Claude #
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Series Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:285 issue:40 pages:31073-31086
Abstract: SPRET/Ei mice are extremely resistant to acute LPS-induced lethal inflammation when compared with C57BL/6. We found that in vivo SPRET/Ei mice exhibit strongly reduced expression levels of cytokines and chemokines. To investigate the role of the potent anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in the SPRET/Ei phenotype, mice were treated with the GR antagonist RU486 or bilateral adrenalectomy. Under such conditions, both C57BL/6 and SPRET/Ei mice were strongly sensitized to LPS, and the differences in LPS response between SPRET/Ei and C57BL/6 mice were completely gone. These results underscore the central role of GR in the LPS hyporesponsiveness of SPRET/Ei mice. Compared with C57BL/6, SPRET/Ei mice were found to express higher GR levels, which were reflected in increased GR transactivation. Using a backcross mapping strategy, we demonstrate that the high GR transcription levels are linked to the Nr3c1 (GR) locus on chromosome 18 itself. Unexpectedly, SPRET/Ei mice exhibit a basal overactivation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, namely strongly increased corticosterone levels, ACTH levels, and adrenocortical size. As a consequence of the excess of circulating glucocorticoids (GCs), levels of hepatic gluconeogenic enzymes are increased, and insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells is impaired, both of which result in hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance in SPRET/Ei mice. We conclude that SPRET/Ei mice are unique as they display an unusual combination of elevated GR expression and increased endogenous GC levels. Hence, these mice provide a new and powerful tool for the study of GR- and GC-mediated mechanisms, including immune repressive functions, neuroendocrine regulation, insulin secretion, and carbohydrate metabolism.
ISSN: 0021-9258
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Tissue Plasticity (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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