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Title: Mechanical stability in a human radius fracture treated with a novel tissue-engineered bone substitute: a non-invasive, longitudinal assessment using high-resolution pQCT in combination with finite element analysis
Authors: Mueller, Thomas L × Wirth, Andreas J van Lenthe, Harry Goldhahn, Joerg Schense, Jason Jamieson, Virginia Messmer, Peter Uebelhart, Daniel Weishaupt, Dominik Egermann, Marcus Müller, Ralph #
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Series Title: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine vol:5 pages:415-420
Abstract: The clinical gold standard in orthopaedics for treating fractures with large bone defects is still the use of autologous, cancellous bone autografts. While this material provides a strong healing response, the use of autografts is often associated with additional morbidity. Therefore, there is a demand for off-the-shelf biomaterials that perform similar to autografts. Biomechanical assessment of such a biomaterial in vivo has so far been limited. Recently, the development of high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) has made it possible to measure bone structure in humans in great detail. Finite element analysis (FEA) has been used to accurately estimate bone mechanical function from three-dimensional CT images. The aim of this study was therefore to determine the feasibility of these two methods in combination, to quantify bone healing in a clinical case with a fracture at the distal radius which was treated with a new bone graft substitute. Validation was sought through a conceptional ovine model. The bones were scanned using HR-pQCT and subsequently biomechanically tested. FEA-derived stiffness was validated relative to the experimental data. The developed processing methods were then adapted and applied to in vivo follow-up data of the patient. Our analyses indicated an 18% increase of bone stiffness within 2 months. To our knowledge, this was the first time that microstructural finite element analyses have been performed on bone-implant constructs in a clinical setting. From this clinical case study, we conclude that HR-pQCT-based micro-finite element analyses show high potential to quantify bone healing in patients. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections: Non-KU Leuven Association publications
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author
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