Phosphate concentrations were determined in 52 cases of paraproteinemia. The unmodified acidic ammonium molybdate method produced 19% spuriously high results. The false increase of phosphate concentration was attributable to formation of precipitate in the reaction mixture. The precipitate was formed by interaction between immunoglobulins and the unmodified acidic ammonium molybdate reagent. The magnitude of interference bore no relation to the type, concentrations, or isoelectric point of the paraproteins or to the presence or absence of free light chains. Diluting the sample to approximately 40 g/L total protein reduced but did not always eliminate the interference. In some cases paraprotein concentration as low as 8 g/L falsely increased plasma phosphate results. Apparently, only IgG and IgM but not IgA paraproteins produced the interference. Deproteination by ultrafiltration or by treatment with trichloroacetic acid removed the interference. The Kodak slide method and the new modified Boehringer Mannheim phosphate test were found to be interference-free. However, in some cases the latter new formulation is sensitive to substantial changes in ionic concentration of the reaction mixture.