Title: Quantification of the interaction of Tc with dissolved boom clay humic substances
Authors: Maes, AndrĂ© ×
Bruggeman, Christophe
Geraedts, Kathleen
Vancluysen, Jacqueline #
Issue Date: Feb-2003
Publisher: Amer chemical soc
Series Title: Environmental science & technology vol:37 issue:4 pages:747-53
Abstract: Technetium-99 (Tc), a fission product of uranium-238, is an important radionuclide because of its long half-life and its high yield in radioactive waste. To elucidate the Tc geochemical behavior in reducing environments relevant to geological disposal and in the presence of humic substances (HS), experiments were set up that resulted forthe first time in the determination of an interaction constant for Tc with dissolved humic substances. A number of lab-scale Boom Clay (a possible geological underground High-Level Radioactive Waste storage site in Mol, Belgium) batch experiments were set up, combining both different initial Tc(VII) concentrations and different solid/liquid ratios. On these batches several sequential extraction steps with HS-free synthetic Boom Clay water were performed. Equilibration times were fixed at 1 week for each extraction step. Tc(VII) was found to be readily reduced to Tc(IV) by the solid Boom Clay phase. This solid phase was able to sorb Tc(IV) to a very large extent (log Kd approximately 2.5-4.0), and two sorption sinks (one of which is humic substances) were detected. In solution, Tc(IV) was mainly associated with HS. Concentrations in solution were found up to the order of 2 x 10(-6) M. The results were quantitatively described as a competition for Tc(IV) between the solid phase and the dissolved HS (Schubert-like approach). It was concluded that a hydrophobic sorption of uncharged Tc(IV) species in solution would act as the dominating interaction mechanism with HS, with an interaction constant log K(HS) = 5.3 +/- 0.3.
ISSN: 0013-936X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Biomechanics Section
Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis
Microbial and Molecular Systems - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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