Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy vol:51 issue:4 pages:1407-1413
Two novel 6-desfluoroquinolone derivatives HM-12 and HM-13 were evaluated for their anti-HIV activity in acutely, chronically and latently HIV-1-infected cell cultures and found to behave as potent HIV-1 transcription inhibitors. In order to extend this result in vivo, we developed an artificial hu-SCID mouse model for HIV-1 latency based on SCID mice engrafted with latently HIV-1-infected promyelocytic OM-10.1 cells in which HIV-1 can be reactivated in vivo by the administration of hTNF-alpha. Treating these SCID mice with HM-12 or HM-13 prior to hTNF-alpha stimulation resulted in a pronounced suppressive effect on viral reactivation. Since both quinolone derivatives were able to inhibit the reactivation of HIV-1 from this artificial viral reservoir in vivo, we provide encouraging evidence for the use of quinolones in the control of HIV-1 infections.