Ultrasound in medicine & biology vol:12 issue:12 pages:999-1009
Technical progress in sonographic equipment providing routinely high resolution images makes it appropriate that some criteria of normality have to be reviewed. In this paper normal sonographic images of the kidney are correlated with anatomy and histology. The effect of aging upon normal anatomical relations and histologic findings is analysed. Special attention is focussed on particular anatomical details as far as they can explain the particular topography or sonographic appearance of some pathologies.