Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:53 issue:21 pages:7675-81
The first diastereoselective synthesis of aryloxy phosphoramidate prodrugs of 3'-deoxy-2',3'-didehydrothymidine monophosphate (d4TMP) is reported. In our approach, (S)-4-isopropylthiazolidine-2-thione 1 was used as a chiral auxiliary to introduce the stereochemistry at the phosphorus atom. In the last step of the developed reaction sequence, the nucleoside analogue d4T was introduced to a stereochemically pure phosphordiamidate which led to the formation of the almost diastereomerically pure phosphoramidate prodrugs 8a-d (≥95% de). As expected, the individually prepared diastereomers of the phosphoramidate prodrugs showed significant differences in the antiviral activity. Moreover, the difference was strongly dependent on the aryl substituent attached to the phosphoramidate moiety.