Title: No arguments for increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity in migraine based on peripheral biomarkers
Authors: Van Der Schueren, Bart ×
Verbrugge, Frederik H
Verbesselt, René
Van Hecken, Anne
Depré, Marleen
de Hoon, Jan #
Issue Date: 7-Apr-2010
Publisher: Universitetsforlaget
Series Title: Cephalalgia vol:30 issue:11 pages:1354-65
Abstract: Objectives: To assess whether migraine patients display a chronic nitric oxide synthase (NOS) hyperactivity by comparing the nitric oxide (NO) production before and following a loading dose of L-arginine between migraine patients (interictally) and matched healthy control subjects. In addition, we evaluated whether a loading dose of L-arginine triggers an acute migraine headache in migraineurs. Subjects and methods: Twenty healthy subjects and 20 migraine patients participated in a 2-period, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Each subject received a 30-min infusion, by peripheral vein, of 30 g L-arginine hydrochloride or placebo (i.e. an equal volume of 0.9% saline solution). Meanwhile, biomarkers associated with the L-arginine-NO pathway (i.e. exhaled NO/nasal NO), plasma citrulline and urinary excretion of nitrite/nitrate and cGMP were assessed before and for 6 h following the start of the infusion. Results: At baseline, exhaled NO and nasal NO were higher in migraineurs compared to healthy subjects (mean ± 95% confidence interval): 15.9 (8.8, 23.0) parts per billion (ppb) versus 10.8 (7.0, 14.5) ppb for exhaled NO (P = 0.04) and 76.3 (61.2, 91.4) versus 61.6 (51.2, 72.0) ppb for nasal NO (P = 0.03), respectively. The AUC(0-6) in ppb for exhaled NO and nasal NO following L-arginine or saline infusion did not differ between both groups. The increase in L-citrulline, following L-arginine infusion, was smaller in migraine patients (15 (13, 18) µmol/l) compared to healthy volunteers (19 (16, 23) µmol/l; P = 0.046). In healthy subjects, both nitrate and cGMP excretion were higher following L-arginine compared to placebo infusion: 132.63 (100.24, 165.02) versus 92.07 (66.33, 117.82) µmol/mmol creatinine for nitrate (P = 0.014) and 50.53 (42.19, 58.87) versus 39.64 (33.94, 45.34) nmol/mmol creatinine for cGMP (P = 0.0003), respectively. In migraineurs, excretion of these biomarkers was comparable following L-arginine or saline infusion. Conclusions: The results of the present study do not support the idea of a generalised increase in NO synthase activity in migraine patients outside of a migraine attack. The smaller increase in plasma L-citrulline, urinary nitrate and cGMP excretion following L-arginine infusion in migraine patients might indicate dysfunction of endothelial NO synthase.
ISSN: 0333-1024
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical Pharmacology Centre (-)
Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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