International Journal of Psychology vol:43 issue:3 pages:424-424
International Congress of Psychology edition:19 location:Berlin, Germany date:July 2008
Depressive realism consists of the correct identification of null response-outcome contingency by depressed participants whereas nondepresed participants usually show an illusion of control. In Experiment 1, we replicated the depressive realism effect with anonymous internet users in an instrumental paradigm, and showed that dysphoric participants (who scored higher in the Beck Depression Inventory) gave less responses during the training phase. In Experiment 2, we manipulated the participants' activity level, finding that individuals with lower probability of responding were less affected by the illusion of control. Our results suggest that activity level could explain part of the depressive realism effect.