Modulation of human dendritic cell maturation and function by natural IgG antibodies
Sri Ramulu, Sri Ramulu × Vani, Janakiraman Delignat, Sandrine Bloch, Marie-Françoise Lacroix-Desmazes, Sébastien Kazatchkine, Michel D Kaveri, Srini V Bayry, Jagadeesh #
Autoimmunity reviews vol:7 issue:6 pages:487-490
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells, which have a central role in the initiation of primary immune responses and in maintaining immune tolerance. The functions of DCs can be regulated both by environmental signals as well as signals delivered by endogenous molecules. Recently we have examined regulation of human DCs by B cells via natural IgG antibodies. Natural antibodies (NAbs) are defined as antibodies that circulate in normal individuals in the absence of deliberate immunization or microbial aggression. We demonstrate that the differentiation of DCs is severely impaired in primary immunodeficient patients such as X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) and common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) at least in part due to the deficiency of circulating NAbs. Further, we show that NAbs are able to restore normal phenotypes of DCs from patients with XLA and CVID. Our results suggest that B cells promote bystander DC development through NAbs and the interaction between NAbs and DCs may play a role in steady-state migration of DCs.